States and Countries I Have Visited or Lived in

Randy Seaver, in his most recent Genea-Musings blog (  said, “1) A meme on Facebook has been circulating about what states, countries and other places you have visited. [What other places would there be if not a state or country?] The average for Americans is 8.

“2)  Copy the list from this blog post and denote your places visited with an X, and add states or countries you’ve visited not on the list.  Then total it up at the end of your list.

“3)  Put your responses in your own blog post, in a comment on this blog post, or in a status or comment on Facebook.

Here’s mine:



Arizona State License Plate Clipart

Arizona State License Plate

Arizona X
Arkansas X
Belgium  X
British Virgin Islands
California X
Canada X
Castaway Island
Cayman Islands 

Colorado X
Connecticut X
Costa Rica  X

Czech Republic
Delaware X
Denmark X
Dominican Republic
El Salvador
England X

Finland  X
Florida X
France  X
Georgia X
Germany X
Guam XGuam_map
Guatemala  X

Holland X
Hong Kong
Iceland X
Idaho X
Illinois X
Indiana X
Iowa X
Jamaica  X
Japan X
Kansas X
Kentucky X

Kentucky Statehood 1792 Black and White OutlineClipart

Kentucky Statehood 1792


Louisiana X
Luxembourg X
Maine X
Maryland X
Massachusetts X
Mexico X
Michigan X
Minnesota X
Mississippi X
Missouri X
Montana X

Nebraska X
Nevada X
New Hampshire X
New Jersey X
New Mexico X
New York X
New Zealand
North Carolina X
North Dakota X
Norway  X
Ohio X
Oklahoma X
Oregon X
Pennsylvania X

Puerto Rico
Rhode Island X

Saudi Arabia
Scotland  X

Coat of Arms Clipart and Illustration

Coat of Arms Scotland

South Africa
South Carolina  X
South Dakota X
South Korea
St Marten
St Thomas
Switzerland X
Sweden  X
Tennessee X
Texas X
The Netherlands  X
United Arab Emirates

US Trust Territories X
US Virgin Islands
Utah X
Vermont X
Virginia X
Washington X
Washington DC X
West Virginia X
Wyoming X

Bronze statue of rancher Wyoming

Bronze statue of rancher Wyoming

Wales X

My score:   71

All clip art from, a free- use site

How the Depression years Affected my Family

Each family experienced the depression years differently based on where they lived and how they shared their trials with each other and their neighbors. When I married and began getting acquainted with my husband’s parents, one of the topics was “What was your life like as you grew up?” and they instantly made me aware of how different their lives has been than my own parents. Let me delve into each of our parents because neither my husband nor I was born during this time.

depression soup kitchen line up

Jewell Baker Thornton (my mom), born in 1921, grew up on a 200+ acre farm owned by her parents in south-central Kentucky. The crops were not harshly impacted by the depression, so the family fared well compared to many others. As I asked more questionsdepression family laundry of my mom, she replied that she had one dress to wear to school and one to wear to church. She didn’t think that was unusual since most of her friends were in the same boat. The family enjoyed a variety of foods either raised on their farm or bartered from their neighbors. Mom lived at home through 1939 and then moved to Cincinnati, Ohio to attend nurses training. Obviously, my grandparents had enough money to send her to school, as they had done for all of her older siblings.

James Andrew Thornton (my dad), born in 1918 in central Arkansas, had a much harder life and his experiences differed greatly from my mom. His parents moved almost every depression man hopping on trainyear seeking jobs as sharecroppers but remained within a 20-mile radius. He had four older sisters and two younger brothers and one younger sister. As the oldest boy, his parents had him drop out of school after third grade to get jobs to support the family. At the end of fourth-sixth grades, he attended school for six weeks and took tests to pass to the next grade. After that, he sought full-time jobs wherever he could find them, including moving to southwestern Michigan to work in fruit processing canning. He developed a number of skills, but with so little education, he was limited in what he could do. His change came when we entered the war and he enlisted. A steady paycheck allowed him to send money home to help his parents.

Orpha Broberg Erickson (my husband’s mother), born in 1919, grew up on a family depression era secretaryrented farm in the northeast part of Nebraska. Orpha had one older brother and one younger sister and they all stayed in school and finished high school before getting jobs. They worked on the farm and kept up with the family vegetable garden. Since jobs were scarce for women, Orpha moved to Los Angeles in 1936 and became a maid for a wealthy family. She learned about a whole new world of living and was taught how to set a proper table, care for all aspects of the home care, and cook unfamiliar foods. This has stayed with her throughout her life. In 1939 she moved to Detroit and became a secretary.

Martin Adolph Erickson (my husband’s father), born in 1910 in Seattle, Washington. Martin’s parents had both grown up on farms in Sweden and had immigrated to the United depression Chrysler 1930sStates in the early 1900s. They met and married in Seattle, but his dad couldn’t find a job that suited him, so he bounced from one job to another. I think this frustration led them to decide to farm. The Canadian Pacific Railroad offered land at a low price, thus the move in 1920 to southern Alberta, Canada. They moved onto undeveloped land with nothing provided. The land was not as good for farming as promised. Martin was ten and the oldest of three children, so he helped his mom clear the land while his dad built their house and a barn. His interest in making life easier on the farm developed early. An example: he automated the butter churn so his mom didn’t have to manually churn the butter. He attended a one-room school and excelled at academics. Two sisters taught all grades through grade 11. He showed so much promise that they tutored him through grade 12 and had him go to university for a year of remedial work. He transferred to Queens University in Ontario graduating at the top of his class in mechanical engineering. In 1937 he moved to Detroit, Michigan to work at Chrysler. His skills continued to improve, he earned his Master’s degree at Chrysler Institute, and he later, after the war, transferred to Ford Tractor, where he developed a number of patented items for farm equipment.

depression wordle

Free photos: (1) soup kitchen from; (2) doing laundry from; (3) hopping on train from; (4) secretary from; (5) Chrysler from; Depression wordle from

The WWII Experiences of Martin and Orpha Erickson

(The phone interview with Orpha Erickson took place on 12 Feb 2017.)

My in-laws married 22 Nov 1941 in Newman Grove, NE (Orpha’s hometown) and moved into an apartment in Detroit, the city where they both had jobs.

P51 Mustang from en dot WikipediaMartin worked as an engineer at Chrysler and when America entered the war, the plant was converted to making machines for support of the military. He designed engines and pistons for the P51 Mustang and toward the end of the war, he designed large artillery, which traveled via train flatbeds like the one pictured here. (Orpha has faint recollections about this part of his work.)

WWII large artilery on train flatbed

Orpha worked for Rolls-Royce as a bookkeeper and secretary. She typed invoices to carbon paper from employmentresources dot ussend material to England. If it was a regular sale, she made 7 copies (remember carbon copies and erasing errors on each page?) and if it was a lend-lease, she made 14 copies. After they had been married for a year or so, she requested vacation time and was told the company didn’t grant vacations, so she resigned.

Returning home from a trip to Canada and Nebraska to see family, Orpha went to work in an office not far from their home on Fenkle Avenue. She remembers one lady named Olga who spoke favorably of Hitler’s plan to create a United States of Europe with him at the helm. Others heard her comments and reported her. Since she was considered a Nazi sympathizer, she was soon taken away, but Orpha never learned of her fate.

After a couple years of marriage, they bought a home on Tracey in Detroit, knowing it had fallen into disrepair, but they felt capable of making it their own. When I asked about their WWII ration book by pinterest dot comlife at home, Orpha talked about ration books, red coupons for canned goods and blue for meat. When Roger was born in April 1945, Martin took care of getting a coupon book in Roger’s name so they had a larger allocation of food. They had a 3-foot wide strip of land between their fence and the alley driveway, so they converted that into a Victory Garden.

The house needed a new roof, so Orpha returned to work as a bookkeeper in the evenings so Martin could watch Roger when he was home from work. Martin also created a second job drafting various projects in their converted attic, now his office at home.

A vague but lasting memory she shared was one winter morning when she asked Martin if he had walked around to the back yard the night before or that morning. He said he hadn’t, so she showed him footprints in the snow that came from the back fence to their bedroom window. She didn’t know if the person was looking to break in, was a peeping tom, or was looking to see if anyone was home to ask for a handout. Being a nervous person, she took care to dress in her closet from then on.

I’m looking forward to gaining more information in future interviews. Do you or your family have stories from the home front during the war?

The P51 Mustang photo from; WWII large artilery on train flatbed from; carbon paper image from; and, the WWII ration book from

What I Have Learned About Google for Genealogists, Part 2

google-translate-exampleGoogle Translate ( has helped me many times. I do a lot of research in Sweden and do not speak Swedish, so I have learned to translate information I do not understand. Several years ago, I found a death record of a sibling to one of my husband’s ancestors. The young man was only 18 years old, so I wondered what had happened. The Swedish words are “konstruktion olycka.” It means that he died in a construction accident. He worked in construction and died on the job. What a revelation. This Google feature has speeded up my research.

Have you used Google Maps ( Who knew all the detail found in areas I had only seen on flat maps. You will find as much detail as you need to find specific locations. If you are looking for a city address, you might find that the house you expected to see has been torn down to add a freeway. You’ll discover that when you combine Google Maps with Google Earth ( Lisa Louise Cooke has created several YouTube’s to show how to combine them and see what the area looks like now. You can also add old maps such as those found at David Ramsey’s site and overlay what the area looked like when your family lived there and what it looks like today. Be careful. You might get so excited using these features that you don’t get any research done!

Google Drive ( allows users 5GB of free document storage and use of Google Docs, which includes word processing and spreadsheets. These are shareable, easy to publish on your blog or website and you can invite others to edit or collaborate the documents. This collaboration allows you and your cousins to share family information and research findings. Have you used these features?

Several years ago I created a book for my mother-in-law’s 90th birthday to show a brief corn-sheller-patent-information-examplehistory of her family since they arrived in America. A friend joined me to help put it in order and fill in some missing details. We discovered that one of her grandfathers, Joseph Duhachek (1849-1906), had a patent in his name. We found it at https://www/ Since he had died before she was born, the family didn’t talk about him and never shared his patent information. This brought her such joy.  (If you want to read the whole story, it’s on my blog at

Another feature of Google that offers help for genealogists is Google Alerts ( You can sign up to receive daily or weekly email updates for specific searches. Be careful not to request too many or you may become overwhelmed. I don’t use it for common surnames, but I have used it for less common ones. I have also placed delimiters such as dates and/or location to cut down on suggested finds.

You can use Google+ ( for its social networking platform, including joining groups or creating “hangouts” with a limited number of participants at one time.

Other features you might check out include Google Calendar ( for keeping your calendar entries in one place; Google Play ( for music, movies, books and apps; and, Google Shopping ( to shop for genealogy products, supplies, software, and other items.

I may have missed some features, but these are the ones I know and use. I hope you find this useful.

Images taken from Google as examples of what I share here.

What I Have Learned About Google for Genealogists

Several of my friends have shared their insights using Google and have agreed that I can use their discoveries to share with you.

Doing a basic web search using Google, can leave potential new information about our Robert Mills search via Google Aug 2016families hidden. Start by entering a search term, a person’s name, or a URL. Some names are so common that you should add other terms to narrow the search. For example, when I put in the name “Robert Mills” (in quotes) I got about 395,000 hits, including the top listing for the man who designed the Washington Monument. However, that’s not who I want to search for. I added an additional term “1867..1932” (year range of his life) and lowered the options to about 59,000 results. Still too many. Next, I added location: Kentucky and the count went up to about 70,000 results. The difference is that the first few entries were a perfect match. I found that and FindAGrave each had correct information about Robert Mills.

Let’s look at Images, the next most popular method of looking for information  (images.Google, com). When the page appeared, I clicked on “Search Tools” that shows up below the search box. I selected “Black and White” because those are the only photos Robert Mills family photo found via Google Images 21 Aug 2016available for this time period. I used the same terms used above and received the following message: “1867..1932 was dropped from your search because it is not supported for this type of search.”  Because I had a photo in my possession, seeing it in Images was not a surprise. But there were many images that didn’t match and offered confusion rather than a new discovery. I need to better understand how to search images to gain access to what I want.

Google Books ( is an often overlooked resource because they stopped adding books, but they have already added many books that are copyright free. book cover Russell County KY History & FamiliesTo continue using Robert Mills as an example, I need to explain that he was a farmer who lived in Pulaski or Russell Counties in Kentucky. Those delimiters should help narrow the field of appropriate books. I found nothing appropriate using Robert Mills’ name, adding “farmer” and “Russell County Kentucky.” That should not come as a surprise since he had a small farm and did not make a name for himself. To find something useful, I took off his name and found, “Russell County, Kentucky: history & families” that wasn’t a complete search, so I couldn’t look in the index to see if he or his family received any mention. Because there are other possible locations to find the book, I looked at WorldCat and found the book on It has not been digitized, so it looks like a library lend is in my future.

Next week we’ll look at other features available in Google that include: Translate; Maps; Earth; Scholar; Docs; Drive; Blogger; and YouTube.

Try these Google tools and improve your searches.

___ All images taken from Google: I snipped the first one from a basic search; the second image is one I posted and I have a copy of the original; the third is an image from Google Books.